For those living close to the coast, putting your home up on stilts will reduce the risk of damage caused by hurricanes and rising tides.
Why Put Your Home On Stilts?
Building a new home on stilts might be a good idea if your property lies anywhere within the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s flood zones. Technically, compliance with the flood maps is voluntary, but a few towns and insurers are pressing compliance with building codes that keep up with the designated storm surge levels.
Raising an existing home is a bit more complicated then building from scratch. All utility lines must be be disconnected. (Your basement will not be coming along.) Steel beams are placed beneath the ground floor, then the home is slowly lifted with hydraulic jacks and placed incrementally on wooden cribs. The house is then moved aside, a new pylon foundation is set in place and then the house is placed back on its new, higher foundation. Minimum costs to raise your existing home are $30,000, but numerous factors may raise that number.
15 Of The World’s Best Homes on Stilts
1) Sol Duc Cabin
Sol Duc Cabin.
Olympic Peninsula, Washington. More photographs can be seen at Olson Kundig’s website.
Sol Duc Cabin. Olympic Peninsula, Washington.
This steel-clad 350 sf cabin on stilts can be completely shuttered when the owner is away. The cabin’s rugged patina and raw materiality respond to the surrounding wilderness while its verticality provides a safe haven during occasional floods from the nearby river. Olsonkundigarchitects.com has additional information on the project.
2) Sonoma Pole House
The raised houses protect the structural integrity from earthquakes, floods, and sloped ground. It’s a great way for residents to protect themselves from unexpected weather.
3) Crescent Beach Cabin
Hood Canal Cabin sits well above the beach on four 24″ round pilings and features a retractable stair for security. Ray C. Freeman III, Seattle. Go to freeman-wetzel.com for additional information and photos.
4) Pond House
Pond House, Maine.
The small cottage was designed with the inspiration of surrounding structures around the wharf. These designers have more photos on their FaceBook page Elliott + Elliott Architecture.
5) Australian Guest House
Guest house on stilts in Mornington, Victoria, Australia.
Planning regulations permit only first floor structures that are located over car parking or storage areas which necessitated the elevated ‘stilt’ design. Stair is clad in translucent polycarbonate. To view the interior of this marvelous home visit clarecousins.com.au.
6) Sustainable House
Sustainable home on Great Barrier Island, New Zealand.
The house is elevated for flood protection. The living spaces open completely to the outdoors. Architects: Crosson Clarke Carnachan. This photograph was originally found at “ccca.co. nz/0506_great%20barrier_house.php.”
7) Island House
Island near Florida.
This home is raised 18 to 20 feet in the air with the rest of the 40 ft poles being buried in the ground. To build this house, the materials were shipped to the site by ferry.
La Jolla, California.
Twenty-five full height glass panels slide away on an automated track, creating a continuous interior-exterior space that connects the back garden to the ocean views. This feature transforms the kitchen, living and dining areas into a complete exterior space. An IPE wood clad top level houses the sleeping quarters and provides shade to the space below. Arch: Sebastian Mariscal Studio, sebastianmariscal.com.
9) Jewell Street
j. Jewell Street Addition.
Screened rooms are a popular choice on the ground floor and help the house have a visual relationship with the ground. More work by these designers can be found at webberstudio.com.
10) Fish Camp
Fish Camp, Longboat Key, Florida.
The 2,000-square-foot home sits on 14-foot-tall stilts, putting the front door a full 17 feet above sea level. Go to LeaderDesignStudio.com for additional information.
11) Beachtown Community
Beachtown, Galveston, an island community in Texas where homes are built well above FEMA’s required flood based elevation. Panels close in the mostly empty ground floors. Visit beachtowngalveston.com to find additional information on the offers and other structures Beachtown has available.
12) The Hamptons
Long Island, New York.
This Hamptons residence hovers over a wetland preserve in Long Island, New York. A glass louver facade is designed to reflect the surrounding landscape. The information on this structure can be found at renegonzalezarchitect.com.
Raising the structure helps stabilize this home in case of a flood. The design also provides a sheltered patio or parking area.
14) Nurai Island
Nurai Island, Arabian Gulf.
Nurai residence, under construction, Abu Dhabai. Information about the project is available at nuraiislandvillas.com.
Cape Florida, FL.
Stiltsville is a group of wood stilt houses located one mile south of Cape Florida, Biscayne Bay, Florida. The stilt buildings stand about ten feet above the shallow water which varies from one to three feet deep at low tide. Some of the homes were built in the 1930s and some in the 1960s. Since Hurricane Betty in 1965, no new construction has been allowed. En.wikipedia.org has more information about each house in this community.